Flawless skin is nothing less than a dream, it is easy to dream about it but harder to achieve. People spend their hard earned money on beauty and skin care related products in a dream of achieving that perfect skin. However, there can be a lot of skin related condition that could stop you from achieving the skin you have always desired for yourself. Melasma is one such skin condition that forms hyperpigmented patches on the skin because of increased melanin production in the skin that can occur due to various genetic factors, an increased amount of estrogen in the body and the sensitivity of your skin to external or environmental factors. Everybody is at the risk of developing melasma but certain conditions that put you at the higher risk of developing this condition are:
Melasma has earned the name of pregnancy mask as it occurs quite commonly in pregnancy due to the fluctuations in the hormonal level.
Darker skin tone
People who naturally have a darker skin tone are at a higher risk of suffering from melasma with blotchy and hyperpigmented skin.
Melasma is more common in females as compared to the males, all thanks to the hormones! Estrogen is the main culprit that aids in the development of this condition.
Medical conditions and hormonal replacement therapies
For example, medications that treat hyperthyroidism or creams that treat acne can be a reason for developing melasma. Hormonal replacement therapy consisting of estrogen and progesterone can also aggravate melasma.
Over-exposure to sunlight can put you at risk of developing hyperpigmented skin and melasma. Similarly long working hours in front of a computer screen can also cause melasma due to visible light emitted by such screens.
Treatment options for treating melasma
Apart from the topical treatment that includes tretinoin, corticosteroids and hydroquinone that works by lightening the skin and reducing the skin irritation, the main treatment for melasma comprise of Microdermabrasion, laser treatment, and a chemical peel.
Laser treatment makes use of a focused beam of light that targets a specific pigment for removing the pigment particles on the skin. This can even out your skin and remove the hyperpigmentation on your skin.
A chemical peel is an exfoliating method that removes the upper layers of the dead and dull skin. In this method, a chemical such as glycolic acid, lactic acid or salicylic acid is applied to the skin and removed after a certain time. This allows the upper layer of your skin to peel, beneath which is revealed the most youthful and supple skin.
Microdermabrasion is a non-chemical procedure in which smaller particles are used to exfoliate the dead skin cells and remove mild hyperpigmentation. It is recommended that you take 3-6 treatment sessions for every 2-4 weeks.
Thus, if you are concerned with treating melasma on your skin then these treatment options can greatly help you in fighting off this condition and revitalize your skin.