Pseudo Acanthosis Nigricans

Pseudo Acanthosis Nigricans

What Is Acanthosis nigricans?

Acanthosis nigricans is also called as keratosis nigricans. It is an abnormal skin condition where darkness occurs on the folds of different parts of the body. It appears when there is rapid reproduction of epidermal skin cells, it is most commonly seen in people who are obese and have higher level of insulin in the blood and sometimes it can be seen due to medication, cancer and other medical condition. They appear like dark, velvety patch and can be seen on the groin area, neck, and armpits. The skin looks thickened where it is affected.

 

What are the various causes of Acanthosis Nigricans?

There are many causes for Acanthosis Nigricans like

  • Growth hormone therapy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Medical conditions like Addison’s disease.
  • Medications like oral contraceptives
  • Obesity
  • Cancer (rare).

What are the types of Treatments Available ?

It is generally seen in obese patients and in people who rapidly gain weight, significantly seen in the deep folds of neck, back, groin, armpits. so, weight management is very important.

Some medication is prescribed by the doctor after the assessment.

Some procedural treatment like fractional laser can also help in treating this condition, but PRP plays a very important role in extracting out the excessive pigmentation and gradually the skin heels and becomes normal like the adjacent one.