Dark Circles


Periorbital pigmentation in common words is known as under eye dark circles. It is a very common problem nowadays. The condition involves the formation of light-to-dark coloured brownish black spots around the eyelids. It gives a tired look at a person and can affect his/her confidence.

Causes of Periorbital pigmentation

  • Family History- The problem of periorbital pigmentation is considered to have a genetic basis. Many people have pigmentation around the periorbital area in several members of the family. The pigmentation starts early in childhood and gradually increases with age.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- A person suffering from frequent allergies may rub and scratch the skin around the eye which can cause pigmentation in that area.
  • Tear through deformity- The depressed area below the eyelid becomes prominent with age and gives the impression of under eye circles.
  • Lack of proper sleep is one of the major causes of the development of under eye circles. Apart from that, stress, alcohol overuse and smoking also contribute to the problem.
  • Ultraviolent (UV) rays from the sun can aggravate under eye circles.
  • Regular and continuous use of spectacles or contact lenses can cause exhaustion of periorbital muscles, leading to the development of under eye circles.
  • Anaemia or lack of haemoglobin- When enough oxygen doesn’t reach the periorbital tissues, it can make the periorbital region look comparatively darker.
  • Use of several drugs like oral contraceptives, hormone-replacement therapy can lead to periorbital hyperpigmentation.
  • Several medical problems also aggravate the dark circles like disorders of heart, thyroid, kidney or liver, vitamin K deficiency and Addison’s disease.

Treatment of Periorbital Pigmentation

Being such a prominent issue, curing dark circles is the mainstay. There are a number of treatments available which can help you to get rid of your dark circles. These treatments include-

  • Topical Therapies: Using creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, topical retinoic acid along with sunscreen can help you in reducing your pigmentation.
  • Chemical Peels: Lactic acid, glycolic acid, retinol peels, arginine-based peels can be used to reduce the pigmentation.
  • Lasers: Q-switched lasers with nanosecond pulse technology are ideal for selectively treating melanosomes leading to a decrease in melanin content of the skin, thereby reducing pigmentation.
  • Fillers: Hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers can be used to correct under eye hollows.
  • Radiofrequency tightening: The given treatment can be used in treating puffiness and the appearance of eye bags.
  • Fat grafting: Fat transfer is a good means to achieve facial rejuvenation.
  • Platelet-rich plasma: In PRP, your own blood is taken from which the plasma is separated using a special machine. The plasma so collected contains various growth factors and proteins which provide nutrition to the skin. It is injected back into the skin. This puts the skin in a healing mode, leading to the rejuvenation of skin around the eyes.

At Agelock Skin clinic, we use a multitude of treatment modalities depending upon the needs of a person. Multiple sessions may be conducted in order to attain the desired results.

Dark Circle Chemical Peel

Dark Circle Laser

Dark Circle Mesotherapy